Over 2000 Posts JenS Posted July 14, 2008 Over 2000 Posts Report Share Posted July 14, 2008 http://jcem.endojournals.org/cgi/content/a.../jc.2006-2361v1 MEASUREMENT OF SERUM FREE CORTISOL SHOWS DISCORDANT RESPONSIVITY TO STRESS AND DYNAMIC EVALUATION Mirjam Christ-Crain*, Sukhdeep Jutla, Isabelle Widmer, Orestes Couppis, Caroline K?nig, Hans Pargger, Jardena Puder, Ray Edwards, Beat M?ller, and Ashley B. Grossman Department of Endocrinology, Barts and the London, Queen Mary School of Medicine, University of London, London, UK (M.C.-C., S.J., O.C., A.B.G.), NETRIA, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK (R.E.), and Department of Endocrinology and Surgical Intensive Care, University Hospitals Basel, (I.W., C.K., H. P., B.M.) and Lausanne (J.P), Switzerland Context: Routinely available assays of adrenal function measure serum total cortisol (TC) and not the biologically active free cortisol (FC). However, there are few data on FC levels during surgical stress and in response to standard pharmacological tests. Objective: To evaluate TC and FC levels in different states of physical stress. Design and Setting: Prospective observational study in a University Hospital. Participants and main outcome measures: We measured TC and FC levels in 64 patients: A, 17 healthy controls without stress; B, 23 medical patients with moderate stress; and C, 24 surgical patients undergoing coronary by-pass grafting. Cortisol levels in group C were measured basally and at several time points thereafter, and were compared to responsivity to a pharmacological dose of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH). FC was measured using equilibrium dialysis. Results: In group C patients after extubation, the relative increase above basal FC was higher than the increase in TC levels (399?266% versus 247?132% of initial values, respectively; mean ? standard deviation; P=0.02), and then fell more markedly, FC levels falling to 67?49% and TC levels to 79?36% (P=0.04). After ACTH stimulation, TC levels increased to 680?168 nmol/L, which was similar to the increase with major stress (811?268 nmol/L). In contrast, FC levels increased to 55?16 nmol/L after ACTH stimulation but significantly greater with surgical stress to 108?56 nmol/L (P<0.001). Conclusion: The more pronounced increase in FC seen during stress as compared to the ACTH test suggests that this test does not adequately anticipate the FC levels needed during severe stress. Key words: Serum free cortisol ? Surgery ? Stress ? Cortisol binding globulin Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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